Structure of Functionl Group Preparation and Properties

Structure of Functionl Group Preparation and Properties

→ In alcohols oxygen of – OH group is bonded by σ (sigma) bond with carbon atom. This sigma (σ) bond is formed by overlapping of sp3 hybrid orbital of carbon atom and sp3 hybrid orbital of oxygen atom.

Structure of Functionl Group Preparation and Properties 1

→ In alcohols Structure of Functionl Group Preparation and Properties 2 bond angle is less then tetrahedral angle (109°28’).

→ This decrease occurs due to repulsion between unshared electron pair of oxygen atom.

Chemistry Notes