Introduction of Nitro Compounds Preparation and Properties
→ The compounds having —NO2 group are called nitro compounds. These are obtained by replacing one or more H-atom of aliphatie and aromatic hydrocarbon by—NO2 group.
Nitro group is found in two forms
Both these forms are functional isomer of each other.
→ NO2 group is ambidenate which is bounded with carbon chain either with N or with oxygen.
Nitro alkane is more stabl’e.
Resonating structures of nitro group.
Electronic structure of NO2 group