Introduction of Nitro Compounds Preparation and Properties

Introduction of Nitro Compounds Preparation and Properties

→ The compounds having —NO2 group are called nitro compounds. These are obtained by replacing one or more H-atom of aliphatie and aromatic hydrocarbon by—NO2 group.

Nitro group is found in two forms

Introduction of Nitro Compounds Preparation and Properties 1

Both these forms are functional isomer of each other.

→ NO2 group is ambidenate which is bounded with carbon chain either with N or with oxygen.

Introduction of Nitro Compounds Preparation and Properties 2

Nitro alkane is more stabl’e.
Resonating structures of nitro group.

Introduction of Nitro Compounds Preparation and Properties 3

Electronic structure of NO2 group

Chemistry Notes

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