Nomenclature of Cyanide and Isocyanide Preparation and Properties

Nomenclature of Cyanide and Isocyanide Preparation and Properties

Nomenclature of cyanide is done by three types:

  • In the form of alkyl cyanide.
    Example : CH3CN—methyl cyanide.
  • By removing ‘—ic acid’ of acid and placing nitrile’ in place of it.
    Example : CH3CN—Acetonitri1e.
  • in IUPAC it is written in the form of alkanenitrile.
    Example : CH3CN—Ethanenitrile.

Nomenclature of Cyanide and Isocyanide Preparation and Properties

Some example of Cyanide

Nomenclature of Cyanide and Isocyanide Preparation and Properties 1

Nomenclature of isocyanide is done by following way:

  • In the form of alkylisocyanide.
    Example : CH3NC—Methyl isocyanide
  • By removing ‘—ic acid’ from acid and placing isonitrile’ in place of it.
    Example : CH3NC—Acetoisontrile.
  • In JUPAC it is written in the form of alkyl carbylamine.
    Example : CH3NC—Methyl carbylamine.

Nomenclature of Cyanide and Isocyanide Preparation and Properties

Some examples of Isocyanide

Nomenclature of Cyanide and Isocyanide Preparation and Properties 2

Chemistry Notes