Solution Chemistry Notes

Solution Chemistry Notes

→ The homogeneous mixture of two or more than two components is called solution. The composition and properties are similar throughout the mixture. The properties of components are available in solution. The solution made up of two components is called binary solution.

Solution Chemistry Notes 1

→ Similarly, the solutions made up of three and four components are called ternary and quaternary solution respectively

  • Solvents : The component which is present in large amount in solution, is called solvent. It determines the physical state of solution in which solution exists. 60% aqueous sugаr solution-water as solvent
  • Solute : The component which is present in less amount, is called solute. These may also be one or more in solution

Chemistry Notes

Solid State Chemistry Notes

Solid State Chemistry Notes

  • The state of matter in which constituent particles such as molecules, atoms or ions are closely packed due to strong inter molecular forces of attraction is called solid state.
  • The position of constituent particles are fixed in solids. They oscillate about their mean positions only.
  • In the solids, constituent particles are so closely packed by strong intermolecular forces of attraction that these remain in a nearly fixed position.
  • This is the reason that both shape and volume of solids are definite.

We can define the solids as follows:

“Solid state of any substance is that state whose melting point is higher than room temperature at atmospheric pressure”.

Solid State Chemistry Notes

Chemistry Notes